Aging population, rising costs and lack of funding pushes care sector to the brink
16% of care home companies in the UK are exhibiting warning signs that they are at risk of failure, says research* by Moore Stephens, the Top Ten accountancy firm.
Moore Stephens says that the percentage of care homes showing signs of financial distress has increased over the last 12 months. Previous research conducted by Moore Stephens a year ago found that 12% of care homes in the UK were at financial risk.
One of the major drivers of the rise has been the increase to the National Living Wage (NLW) in April 2017, which placed a significant burden on care home companies' profit margins. The NLW increased to £7.50 per hour (6.4% above National Minimum Wage) in April, and is scheduled to increase to £9 per hour by 2020.
Added to this the growing use of agency staff in care homes, due to difficulties in retaining and recruiting skilled staff, has pushed costs even further. Staff costs at care homes have reached an estimated all-time high of 55% of turnover due to the increased reliance on agency workers (NatWest: Care Home Benchmarking Report).
Moore Stephens explains that a persistent lack of funding from local authorities to the sector has also put considerable pressure on care homes. Local councils have been forced to make cuts in their budgets to social care despite the need for care homes and other social services growing.
Local authorities in England plan to make £824m of savings in their social care budgets in 2017/18 according to the Associate Directors of Adult Social Services, despite an extra £2bn over the next three years in social care funding being promised by the Chancellor in the March budget.
Lee Causer, Restructuring Partner at Moore Stephens comments:
"Too many businesses in the care home sector are heading back to the brink.
"The mixture of rising costs, cuts in funding and an aging population has created a volatile situation, with many companies now showing signs of significant financial stress.
"Due to the aging population, extra staff are needed at care homes in order to keep up with the demand, but many care homes just don't have the budget for extra staff.
"This has made it increasingly difficult for care home companies to offer a high standard of care- whilst remaining solvent.
"Concerns have also been raised that private care home providers unable to make a profit will hand back contracts to local authorities.
"It's critical that care home companies receive the funding they require in order to offer the highest standard of care possible.
"Commentators have also speculated that the debate over the post-Brexit free market of labour has already reduced the number of EU staff willing to relocate to the UK to work in the sector."
* Analysis derived from Moore Stephens' 'Moore Data' service showing 1,210 financially stressed companies from a total of 7,497 care home companies as per Companies House- Year end July 27 2017