Samsung Electronics has admitted for the first time that it uses tin in its products that’s destroying tropical forests, killing coral and wrecking the lives of communities in Indonesia, Friends of the Earth reveals today (Monday 22 April 2013).
The world’s best-selling smartphone brand has committed to urgent action to tackle the problem following pressure from the environment charity and more than 15,000 individuals. This was prompted by the charity’s investigation into the devastation caused by mining for tin – an essential component in all electronic items – on Indonesia’s Bangka island.
Friends of the Earth welcomes the move but warns it will be maintaining pressure on Samsung to ensure action for Bangka. It is also calling on the tech giant to back new laws in Europe to help and require all companies to reveal the full human and environmental impacts of their operations.
Samsung has written to customers explaining how it has traced its supply chain back to the mines and committed to using its influence by working together with suppliers, industry bodies and governments to find solutions to improve the situation on Bangka and neighbouring islands.
Friends of the Earth’s Director of Policy and Campaigns Craig Bennett said:
“It’s great Samsung has taken an industry lead by tracking its supply chains all the way to Indonesia’s tin mines and committing to taking responsibility for helping tackle the devastating impact that mining tin for electronics has on people and the environment.
“Millions of us love our smartphones and couldn’t do without them – we want to be able to love the way they’re made too.
“To prevent problems elsewhere and help ensure companies make products in a way that’s within the planet’s safe limits, we’re also calling on Samsung to back new laws in Europe to help and require all companies to reveal the full human and environmental impacts of their operations.
“Rival Apple is already playing catch up on the high street in terms of smartphone sales – it’s time it followed Samsung’s lead by coming clean about its whole supply chains too.”
The European Commission last week (Tuesday 16 April 2013) announced plans for new laws that will mean 18,000 companies have to report on a range of environmental and social factors alongside their financial results.
Friends of the Earth welcomes a requirement for greater company transparency but believes plans must be strengthened to apply to full supply chains and include reporting on greenhouse gas emissions and how much of the world’s water, land and raw materials they use.
Thousands of people have joined Friends of the Earth's Make It Better campaign, launched in November 2012, asking Samsung and Apple to say if they use tin from Bangka in their products and calling for new rules to make all companies come clean about their supply chains, starting with a Europe-wide law next year. (www.foe.co.uk/makeitbetter)
Key tin in electronics statistics:
- Average tablet/Apple iPad weighs 650g and contains 1.3g of tin-rich solder.
- All electronic gadgets contain tin-rich solder, an alloy of around 95% tin mixed with one or two other metals, to hold together resistors, transistors and circuit boards.
- Almost half of all mined tin is turned into solder for the electronics industry. Around a third of the world's tin is from the Indonesia islands of Bangka and Belitung.
Devastation caused by tin mining in Bangka, Indonesia – key findings from Friends of the Earth's investigation:
- Dangerous and unregulated tin mining on Bangka is killing and injuring workers – police figures show that in 2011 an average of one miner a week died in an accident.
- Silt from tin mining dredgers and boats is clouding the formerly clear sea around Bangka, killing the seagrass eaten by turtles and 60-70% of the island's coral reefs, driving away fish and ruining fishermen's livelihoods.
- Farmers struggle to grow crops in soil turned acidic by the destruction of forests for tin mining.
- Doctors suspect a link between increased malaria cases and the stagnant water in hundreds of abandoned tin mine craters that are a breeding ground for disease-carrying mosquitoes.